Gardening Guide African Violets River2u.com
Overview
Originally native to the coastal woods of east Africa, African violets have become one of the most popular indoor plants. They are easy to grow, come in a wide range of beautifully colored flowers, and their small size allows you to grow them on a window sill. The plants come as miniatures (6 inches or less in diameter), semi-miniatures (6 to 8 inches), standard (8 to 16 inches) and large (over 16 inches). Flowers can be single, double, semi-double, star shaped, fringed, or ruffled. Those who grow African violets can choose from several hundred varieties. They can be purchased at flower shops, garden centers, through catalogs, and online.

Consider the following if you want to grow African violets:
  • African violets like 6 to 8 hours per day of light if you want them to flower well. When growing them on a window sill, south or west windows are best in winter; east and north windows work best in the summer. Avoid exposure to direct hot sun light , as this may cause the leaves to scorch. Those who grow larger numbers of African violets often choose to grow them under fluorescent lights. Timers can automatically turn the lights on and off.
  • African violets like room temperatures to be between 60 degrees and 90 degrees. They will not survive freezing.
  • African violets should be watered with room temperature water when the soil feels dry. If cold water splashes on the leaves, it can cause discolored spots to form. Over watering can cause root and stem rot.
  • African violets grow best in soils designed specially for their needs. They should be fertilized every 4 to 6 weeks.
Remember that even though African violets do well in the average conditions of most homes, they will do even better with increased humidity levels.



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