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The four elements of Body Care are:

Moisturizers

Moisturizers increase skin softness and pliancy and, by doing so, often tend to soothe skin redness and irritation. Moisturizers come in three main types:

  • Occlusive moisturizers are oils and lubricants, such as Vaseline or mineral oil. They work by forming a barrier between your skin and the outside world, that prevents the loss of water through evaporation. Calling them moisturizers is somewhat of a misnomer, though, as they do not add water; they merely prevent it from escaping.
  • Emollients are water in oil emulsions that act to smooth roughened skin, lubricate it, and provide occlusion. The concentration of oil in emollients varies between types, ranging generally from 0-25%. The concentration will generally be decided by the emollients usage; emollients with low spreading values are used in cosmetics, while emollients with higher spreading values are generally used for body lotions and creams.
  • Humectants, like glycerin, are more powerful moisturizers that absorb water out of the atmosphere and draw it into the skin.

Finding the moisturizer right for you depends on the condition you are trying to treat. For red or dry skin, an occlusive moisturizer is likely to be sufficient. For more serious conditions, such as xerosis or eczema, you are likely to find more success using a more powerful humectant moisturizer.

To be most effective, moisturizers need to be applied throughout the day, and after the skin is washed. Also remember to consider

checking what preservatives and fragrances are present in the moisturizer. Fragrances are present in many moisturizers and are irritating to some people (to both their noses and skin). Many people are also irritated by certain preservatives, which are present in almost all moisturizers.

As a service to you, we are experimenting with providing additional product information:
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