Clinical Drug Trials: Risks and Opportunities
Clinical trials assess the safety and effectiveness of drugs. Some trials test entirely new drugs. Others evaluate whether older drugs should have their recommended dosages adjusted, or if they can be used to fight different diseases.
  • Phase I trials assess whether a given drug can be consumed safely by humans.
  • Phase II trials determine if a drug is effective for its stated purpose.
  • Phase III trials take drugs that show promising results in phase II, and administer them to larger numbers of people to confirm the results.
  • By participating in a trial, a volunteer assumes risks. The drug may be harmful or fatal. Damaging effects might not manifest themselves until years later.
  • In phase II and III trials, volunteers normally do not know whether they are really getting the experimental drug, or a placebo instead. Those who receive the placebo may lose valuable time in the fight against their condition.
  • A treatment that is safe and effective in adults may be harmful to children, at least in the adult dose. Determining the appropriate dosage for children requires the participation of youngsters in the trials, at potential risks to themselves.
In cancer treatment trials, children play an overwhelming role. Approximately 75% of children with cancer participate in a trial at some point, versus 2-5% of adult cancer patients. The gravity of the disease and the need for timely action motivates parents and guardians to seek new therapies for their kids.

If you or your child is not responding to conventional treatment and you wish to consider enrolling in a trial, approximately 41,000 are currently underway. See or, which also can be accessed through The NIH (National Institutes of Health) is a federal agency that sponsors over $20 billion of research annually.

When considering entering you or your child in a trial, seek out second opinions and be sure to ask the key questions, such as:
  • what are the risks
  • what all the treatment alternatives are
  • how success is defined
  • whether you can be assured that your child will get the test drug rather than a placebo
  • who will pay for the trial

Topic contents Mark Kolakowski and CliqueFriends LLC, 2004 - go to our home or life advice page
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